Environmental Studies - B Com Part I Syllabus - Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner(MGSU, Bikaner)


M.M. 100                                Duration: 2 hrs                                               Min. Marks: 36
Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies
  •          Definition, scope and awareness
  •          Need for public awareness.

Unit 2: Natural Resources:
  •          Renewable and non-renewable resources
  •          Natural resources and associated problems
  •          Forest resources
  •          Use and over-exploitation
  •          Deforestation
  •          Timber exploitation
  •          Mining
  •          Dams and their effects on forests and tribal people
  •          Water resources
  •          Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water
  •          Floods
  •          Drought
  •          Conflicts over water
  •          Dams-benefits and problems
  •          Mineral resources
  •          Use and exploitation
  •          Environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources
  •          Food resources
  •          World food problems
  •          Changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing
  •          Effects of modern agriculture
  •          Fertilizer, Pesticide problems,
  •          Water logging
  •          Salinity

Energy resources:
  •          Growing energy needs
  •          Renewable and Non-renewable energy resources
  •          Use of alternate energy resources

Land resources:
  •          Land as a resource
  •          Land degradation
  •          Man induced Land slides
  •          Soil erosion and desertification
  •     Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable system.

Unit 3: Ecosystems:
  •          Concept of an ecosystem
  •          Structure and function of an ecosystem
  •          Producers, consumers and decomposers
  •          Energy flow in the ecosystem
  •          Ecological succession
  •          Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids
  •          Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem:
  •          Forest ecosystem
  •          Grassland ecosystem
  •          Desert ecosystem
  •          Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

Unit 4: Biodiversity and its conservation:
  •          Introduction, definition and diversity at genetic, species and ecosystem level
  •          Bio-geographical classification of India
  •          Value of biodiversity, consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values
  •          Bio-diversity at global, national and local levels
  •          India as a mega-diversity nation
  •          Hot-spots of biodiversity
  •          Threats to biodiversity - habitat loss, poaching of wild life, man-wildlife conflicts
  •          Endangered and endemic species of India
  •          Conservation of biodiversity – In situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity

Unit 5: Environmental Pollution:
  •          Definition, Causes, effects and control measures of
  •          Air pollution
  •          Water pollution
  •          Soil pollution
  •          Marine pollution
  •          Noise pollution
  •          Thermal pollution
  •          Nuclear hazards
  •          Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban industrial wastes
  •          Role of an individual in prevention of pollution
  •          Disaster management: Flood, earthquake, cyclone and land slides

Unit 6: Social Issues and the Environment:
  •          From unsustainable to sustainable development
  •          Urban problems related to energy
  •          Water conservation, rain water harvesting, water shed management
  •          Settlement and rehabilitation of people, its problem of concerns
  •          Environmental ethics- issues, and possible solutions, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents
  •          Wasteland reclamation
  •          Consumerism and waste products
  •          Environmental protection Act
  •           i.            Air (  ) Prevention and Control of Pollution Act
  •           ii.            Wild life Protection Act
  •          iii.            Forest Conservation Act
  •          Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation
  •          Public Awareness

Unit 7: Human Population and the Environment:
  •          Population growth, variation among nations
  •          Population explosion- Family Welfare Programme
  •          Environment and Human health
  •          Human Rights
  •          Value Education
  •          HIV/ AIDS
  •          Women and Child Welfare
  •          Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health

Field Work
  •          Visit to a local area to document environmental assets- river / forest / grassland / hill/ mountain
  •          Visit to local polluted site- Urban /Rural / Industrial /Agricultural
  •          Study of common plants, insects, birds
  •          Study of simple ecosystem- pond, river, hill slope, etc

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